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HFS 170:
Introduction to Exercise Science

Wittenberg University
Spring 2018

Finding Books

EZRA– Wittenberg’s library catalog
OhioLINK – Ohio academic libraries catalog
WorldCat – used for materials not found in the above catalogs

Subject Headings: Library of Congress Subject Headings

  • controlled language to allow for more uniform retrieval of information
  • some examples of LC Subject Headings for this subject
    • Exercise therapy
    • Heart -- Diseases -- Patients -- Rehabilitation
    • Kinesiology
    • Physical education and training - Management
    • Physical fitness
    • Sports medicine
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings - online version of the LCSH

Selected Reference Books

Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease
Electronic Resource

Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science
This is a multi-volume series published by Wiley-Blackwell. Each title is devoted to different aspects of exercise science ranging from individual sports, like gymnastics, to female athletes to sport psychology. Wittenberg has some titles of the series available in EZRA. There are also copies in OhioLINK that can be requested or accessed electronically.

Praeger Handbook Of Sports Medicine and Athlete Health
REFERENCE RC 1211 . P73 2011

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
REFERENCE BF76.7 .P83 2010

Mastering APA Style: Student's Workbook and Training Guide
REFERENCE BF 76.8 .G452 2010

Primary sources versus secondary sources

What is the difference between a primary source and a secondary source? A primary source is typically one written or recorded by a participant in the event, while a secondary source is compiled by an author from primary or secondary sources.

Manuscripts and letters are primary sources as they were written by the person observing the event. Books may be comprised of primary sources such as copies of letters or documents relating to an event. Reports of events made by the participants would be primary sources, even though they may be printed in books. Newspapers may be both primary or secondary sources.

Theses & Dissertations

In the course of your research you may encounter items described as "thesis" or "dissertation". These are the culmination of a masters or doctoral student's research. A thesis is written by a student completing a master's degree in a subject, while a dissertation is written by a student completing their doctoral studies. Many times a doctoral dissertation will ultimately be published (with certain revisions) as a book. A thesis or a dissertation is subject to a review of scholars in the field before it is accepted by the university providing the degree. These documents may prove to be good sources of information, as they often look at very specific issues or problems. Libraries (including Thomas Library) do not typically purchase copies of theses or dissertations, but they are may available through OhioLINK or Inter-Library Loan.

Proquest, a company in Ann Arbor, Michigan, provides microfilming and distribution of theses and dissertations. Their database, Digital Dissertations, may be searched to determine if a dissertation exists and if it is available. Some recent theses and dissertations are available online through this database.

Electronic Books

The library has access to a collection of electronic books which you may encounter as part of your research. They are identified with the words [electronic resource] in the title.


Thomas Library has a large collection of microforms, including microfilm and microfiche. Occasionally an article or book you need may be in a microform format. The Library has microfilm and microfiche reader/printers that you can use to print the article or relevant pages of a book. The cost is $.15 per page.

Finding journal articles

Online Indexes

Academic Search Complete - Academic Search Complete is a more general database, but one which covers many topics of interest to those in an exercise science program.

MEDLINE - MEDLINE is an online index and database of articles published in medical journals. It covers subjects such as medicine, nursing, and exercise science. Full-text is available via the EBSCOhost interface. Coverage begins in 1966.

SPORTDiscus - SPORTDiscus is an online index and database to books, articles and other resources on all aspects of sport, physical fitness and sport science. Coverage begins in 1975.

Journals The Library Has

Journals The Library Has is a powerful tool you can use to search for journals that Wittenberg has access to via a variety of sources. You will find it on the Thomas Library web page under the Find Information tab. Journals The Library Has is not an index to journal articles. Instead you search it to see if we have access to a particular journal or group of journals. For example, you can search for titles by various fields. If you know the title you are looking for searching by Title is a good way to search. If you are not sure of a title, or you want to see what titles we have access to you could leave the search at Select a Field (optional) or change it to TX All Text Fields. If you did a TX All Text Fields search with the word "nutrition" you would find over 290 titles that you have access to through the many resources subscribed to by Thomas Library.

Scholarly vs. Popular Articles

When conducting research it is critical to know the difference between scholarly and popular articles. Depending on the class and the research topic faculty may not accept popular articles as a basis for your research. Be sure to talk with your professor if you have any questions about the articles you wish to use. The Library has a web page which can provide assistance to you in making the distinction between scholarly and popular articles.

Citing Books and Articles

When writing a research paper it is critical that you cite your sources so your professor can see where you got the information you used to support your arguments. For this class you will be using the APA (American Psychological Association) style of citation found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. You should make yourself familiar with the different ways of citing your references found in this resource.

In addition, many of the library databases include a citation generator as a standard part of the database and you can simply click on the appropriate link to have the citation generated for you in the proper format.

There are also web sites that will help you with this. Two such sites are:

BibMe - is a citation generator from Chegg, a company that provides services to college students.

CiteThisForMe - is a citation generator from Chegg, a company that provides services to college students.

However, keep in mind that you should always check the citation that is generated from one of the citation generators for accuracy. "Why?" you may ask. The answer is because the generator will only create a citation from the information it has at hand. What if the information in the database is incorrect? Or, what if the information you put into a citation generator is incorrect? What will you get from the citation generator? An incorrect citation.

Inter-Library Loan (ILL)

As a student at Wittenberg you have access to a large number of resources, but sometimes the article you want is not available here or via full-text online or the book or video you want is not available here or in Ohiolink. When that happens you need to use our inter-library loan service. By using ILL you can request a copy of an article or a book or video from another library. Most journal articles may not be requested through Ohiolink so you will need to request them on the Thomas Library periodicals ILL form. Check with a Reference Librarian to see if the article you need is available through Ohiolink. Books and videos should be requested on the Thomas Library book ILL form. Items will be delivered at the Circulation desk where you can pick them up and use them. Remember, it can take a few weeks for ILL to be delivered so plan ahead.

Audio-Visual Resources

You may also find audio-visual resources which may be of use to you. These may be videotapes, DVDs, or audio recordings. These are housed in the Circulation Department of the Library and may have special rules about their usage.

Personal Research Consultation (PeRC)

These are one hour (more or less) appointments with a librarian to discuss your topic and how to proceed with your research. You may schedule them by e-mail, phone or in-person at the reference desk. Doug Lehman is the liaison librarian for the Health, Fitness & Sport Department.

Return to Thomas Library Web Page

Web page by Doug Lehman, Wittenberg University
phone: 327-7016
November 6, 2017


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