BIOLOGY 247 – Marine Ecology
(5 semester hours)
Prerequisites: Biology 170, 180, and a minimum math placement of 22
This course will focus primarily on the ecology of nearshore coastal habitats. We will cover some basic aspects of the physical environment that organisms encounter in marine systems. We will explore fisheries biology and management as an example of ecology at the population level. Students will also learn about the major ecological processes that structure marine communities. We will focus on a few marine habitats and study the particular animals and plants that live in them, and end with some discussion of human impacts on marine systems. Throughout the course, we will look at the recent research in marine ecology. Labs will be based on data and organisms collected during an optional field trip to the Duke Marine Laboratory and may include behavioral studies, collection, identification and enumeration of sediment-dwelling invertebrates, and comparison of species diversity in different habitats. These exercises will allow students to practice data analysis, graphic presentation of data and writing of scientific papers.
BIOLOGY 258 – Extended Field Studies – Marine Ecology
(1 semester hour)
Prerequisite: Must take concurrently with Biology 247
A 5-day field trip (Friday, September 5 – Wednesday, September 10) to the Duke Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, NC. Students will participate in field trips to marine habitats to collect samples and conduct experiments that will be analyzed at Wittenberg.
ECON 350: Environmental & Natural Resource Economics
(4 semester hours)
Prerequisites: ECON 190 and MATH 120 or their equivalents.
This course examines economic approaches to coping with environmental problems and natural resource scarcity. Emphasis is given to the clear definition and enforcement of property rights as a means to avoid environmental problems. Models for pricing various renewable and nonrenewable natural resources are explored. The role of population change in environmental and natural resource issues is considered. Two exams and a final will be given. Students will write a 10 to 15 page term paper. Writing Intensive.
GEOLOGY 150B - Physical Geology
(5 semester hours)
Open to all students, except those who have previously taken Geology 110B-115B or 160B.
Geology 150 is a comprehensive introduction to the science of geology and how geology affects our lives every day. The course is recommended for students who are interested in the possibility of a geology major or minor, other science majors, or anyone who is interested in Earth processes and history. The course treats fundamentals of geology (such as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic processes and rocks), Earth’s internal structure and processes as they relate to plate tectonics, volcanism and earthquakes, and Earth’s surface processes (such as landslides, river flooding, coastal erosion, and glaciation). Labs include examination of various rock types and use of topographic maps, earth images, and geologic maps to evaluate the geologic history and risks of natural hazards of particular areas. Some field experiences may also be included.
MRSC 200N – Oceanography
(4 semester hours)
Prerequisites: Any majors level introductory science course - Biology 170 or 180 or 248, or Chemistry 121, or Geology 150 or 160, or Physics 200, plus a minimum math placement score of 22
Oceanography is one of the most integrative of all the sciences, and this fact will be reflected in this course. The course is an introduction to the major systems of the marine environment; physical, chemical, biological, and geological, with an emphasis on the interactions and interconnections of these four traditional disciplines of oceanography. Topics include origin of the oceans, plate tectonics, major ocean currents, the role of the ocean in atmospheric dynamics, life in the oceans, and cycling of energy, heat, and inorganic nutrients. We will also focus on human impacts on ocean systems and the impacts that the oceans currently have on human societies, and those they may have in the future. Math Intensive. Students who have taken a language course past the 112 level may complete a CLAC module, which involves an Oceanography-related project in that language, for an additional credit.